New Media Rights to speak at SBEP Annual Community Outreach Meeting

New Media Rights is excited to announce that Executive Director Art Neill will be speaking at The City of San Diego Small Business Advisory Board’s Annual Community Outreach Meeting.  Art will be joining a panel of legal and marketing experts to talk about "Strategies to Promote & Protect Your Business"The meeting will also feature a panel about what small businesses can learn from startups and a keynote from Steven Cox, CEO of

The meeting will take place Friday, October 16, 2015 from 8:30 a.m. - 11:15 a.m in the Downtown Central Library’s Shiley Special Events Suite. The event is free but the Business Advisory Board requests that you RSVP in advance. For more information about the event and to RSVP, check out their Eventbrite page here.

New Media Rights would also like to thank City of San Diego Economic Development Department for their continued financial support of New Media Rights.

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NMR joins coalition to tell TPP Negotiators to stand up for creator and user safeguards

Today New Media Rights stood with 14 other groups to tell TPP Trade Officials to include copyright safeguards critical to users and creators in the revised TPP IP chapter.   Based on last month’s leak:

  • The TTP could lengthen already absurdly long copyright terms with a 20 year retroactive extension; snatching works out of the public domain where they could have served as fodder for a whole new generation of creators.
  • Proposed copyright penalty provisions could impose heavy handed punishment for non commercial infringement.
  • Proposed broad trade secret rules could make criminals out of journalists trying to expose corporate wrongdoing.
  • A proposed ban on circumventing DRM that could put filmmaker’s ability to reuse critical footage under fair use at risk.

A trade deal regulating rice tariffs shouldn’t put access to culture, free speech, fair use and other critical safeguards that protect our ability to create and consume culture on the chopping block. Therefore today we ask trade negotiators to, "reject copyright proposals that restrict the open Internet, access to knowledge, economic opportunity and our fundamental rights.”

Full text of the letter:

September 21, 2015

Dear TPP Trade Officials,

We speak in the interest of millions of individuals, including internet users, librarians, creators, technologists, and others who will be affected by the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).

There have been reports recently that the exceptions and limitations provision in the TPP’s Intellectual Property chapter is being revisited in negotiations. We write to emphasize how critical it is that this language unequivocally protects and promotes exceptions and limitations to copyright in ways that are fit for the 21st century.

Fair uses of content must be protected with strong safeguards, especially in the context of an agreement that emphasizes increased protections and enforcement of copyrights. In order to be adequate, flexible exceptions and limitations language must be mandatory, not merely encouraged, to better enable each TPP country to achieve balance in its copyright rules. A flexible exceptions and limitations framework in this agreement is necessary for each party to craft rules that best suit the needs of its people for new or previously unaddressed public-interest uses of copyrighted content.

Ensuring these safeguards remain in the text is one meaningful way to help alleviate some of the negative effects of digital IP provisions. Based on last month’s leak of the TPP's chapter on intellectual property, we remain very concerned about these provisions in particular:

  1. The retroactive extension of copyright terms that robs culture of 20 years of public domain works.
  2. A ban on circumvention of technological protection measures, which threaten people's autonomy over legitimately purchased digital content and devices.
  3. Heavy-handed criminal penalties and civil damages in cases where the parties were not involved in large-scale or financially-motivated infringement.
  4. Over broad trade secret rules that could criminalize the work of journalists or whistleblowers who report on corporate wrong-doing.

Taken together, these and other restrictive provisions in the Intellectual Property Chapter threaten the rights and interests of users and individuals in many dangerous, ways, such as undermining the public's right to free expression, and their ability to access knowledge, participate in culture, and innovate online.

We continue to hold strong reservations about the effects of the Intellectual Property Chapter, and the opaque negotiating process by which these provisions have been decided. Tens of thousands of our organizational members have demanded that trade negotiators, "reject copyright proposals that restrict the open Internet, access to knowledge, economic opportunity and our fundamental rights.” This opposition will be strengthened without adequate protections for exceptions and limitations essential to innovation and free expression. We urge trade negotiators to be receptive to this critical change in the exceptions and limitations provisions in the TPP Intellectual Property chapter.


Australian Digital Alliance (Australia)
Consumers NZ (New Zealand)
Copia Institute (United States)
Creative Commons (International)
Electronic Frontier Foundation (United States)
Electronic Frontiers Australia (Australia)
Hiperderecho (Peru)
Futuristech Info (International)
Global Exchange (International)
iFixit (International)
New Media Rights (United States)
ONG Derechos Digitales (Chile)
Open Media (Canada)
Public Citizen (United States)
Public Knowledge (United States)

TPP_E&Lsletter_FairDeal_2015-ii.pdf488.37 KB

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Law school IP and entrepreneurship clinics list



University of Alabama School of Law:Community Development Law Clinic  [ Website ]




Arizona State University-Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law School:

  • Innovation Advancement Program  [ Website ]
  • Lisa Foundation Patent Law Clinic   [ Website ]


University of Arkansas (Fayetteville) School of Law:Transactional Clinic [ Website ]


California Western School of Law - New Media Rights [Website]

Chapman University School of Law:Entertainment Contracts Law Clinic [ Website ]

Pepperdine University School of Law:Microfinance Program [ Website ]

Santa Clara Law:Entrepreneurs' Law Clinic [ Website ]

Stanford Law School:

  • Juelsgaard Intellectual Property and Innovation Clinic [ Website ]
  • Organizations and Transactions Clinic [ Website ]

University of California-Berkeley School of Law (Boalt Hall):

  • New Business Counseling Practicum [ Website ]
  • The Samuelson Law, Technology and Public Policy Clinic [ Website ]

University of California-Hastings College of the Law:

  • Community Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]
  • BioTech Startup Clinic [ Website ]
  • Technology Startup Clinic [ Website ]
  • Social Enterprise & Economic Empowerment   [ Website ]

University of California, Irvine School of Law: Intellectual Property, Arts, and Technology Clinic [Website]

University of San Diego School of Law:Entrepreneurship Clinic [ Website ]

University of San Francisco School of Law:

  • Entrepreneurship Venture Legal Services Project [ Website ]
  • Internet and Intellectual Property Justice Clinic [ Website ]

University of Southern California-Gould School of Law:

  • Intellectual Property and Technology Law Clinic [ Website ]
  • Small Business Clinic [ Website ]


University of Colorado Law School:Entrepreneurial Law Clinic  [ Website ]

University of Denver Sturm College of Law:Community Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]


University of Connecticut School of Law:Intellectual Property and Entrepreneurship Law Clinic [ Website ]

Yale Law School: Nonprofit Organizations Clinic [ Website ]



District of Columbia

American Law School-Washington College of Law:

  • Community and Economic Development Law Clinic  [ Website ]
  • Glushko-Samuelson Intellectual Law Clinic [ Website ]

Georgetown University Law Center: Social Enterprise and Nonprofit Clinic [ Website ]

George Washington University School of Law:Small Business & Community Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]

Howard University School of Law:Intellectual Property and Trademark Clinic [ Website ]

University of the District of Columbia-David A. Clarke School of Law:Community Development Law Clinic [ Website ]


Ave Maria School of Law:Patent Law Clinic [ Website ]

Florida International University College of Law: Small Business Clinic [ Website ]


University of Georgia: Business Law Clinic [ Website ]


University of Hawaii at Manoa William S. Richardson School of Law:Entrepreneurship & Small Business Clinic [ Website ]


University of Idaho College of Law:

  • Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]
  • Small Business Legal Clinic [ Website ]


 The Entrepreneurial Law Clinic at Chicago-Kent:

  • Entrepreneurial Law Clinic [ Website ]
  • Intellectual Property Law Clinic [ Website ]

DePaul University College of Law:Technology/Intellectual Property Clinic [ Website ]

John Marshall Law School: Intellectual Property Patent Law Clinic [ Website ]

Loyola University Chicago School of Law: Center for Business and Corporate Governance Law Business Law Clinic [ Website ]

Northwestern University School of Law:Entrepreneurship Law Center [ Website ]

University of Chicago:Institute for Justice Clinic on Entrepreneurship [ Website ]

University of Illinois College of Law: Non-Profit Organizational Development Clinic [Website]


Indiana University Maurer School of Law (Bloomington):

  • Elmore Entrepreneurship Law Clinic [ Website ]
  • Intellectual Property Law Clinic [Website]
  • Nonprofit Legal Clinic [ Website ]

University of Notre Dame School of Law:

  • Community Development Project  [ Website ]
  • Intellectual Property and Entrepreneurship Clinic [ Website ]


Drake University Law School: Transaction-Nonprofit Clinic [ Website ]


Washburn University School of Law: Small Business & Nonprofit Transactional Law Clinic [ Website ]


Northern Kentucky University Salmon P. Chase College of Law: Small Business and Nonprofit Law Clinic [ Website ]






University of Baltimore School of Law: Community Development Clinic [ Website ]

University of Maryland School of Law: Intellectual Property Resource Center [ Website ]


Boston College Law School: Community Enterprise Clinic [ Website ]

Harvard Law School, Cambridge: Transactional Law Clinics (including Business and Non-Profit Clinic, Real Estate Clinic, Entertainment Law Clinic and the Community Enterprise Project)  [ Website ]

Northeastern University School of Law:

University of Massachusetts School of Law-Dartmouth: Community Development Clinic [ Website ]

Western New England University School of Law: Small Business Clinic [ Website ]


University of Michigan Law School:

  • Community and Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]
  •  Entrepreneurship Clinic [ Website ]
  • International Transactions Clinic [ Website

Wayne State University School of Law: Small Business Enterprises and Nonprofit Corporations Clinic [ Website ]


Hamline University School of Law:Small Business/Non-profit Clinic [ Website ]

University of Minnesota Law School:

William Mitchell College of Law:

  • Business Law Clinic  [ Website ]
  • Community Development Clinic [ Website ]
  • Intellectual Property Law Clinic [ Website ]


University of Mississippi School of Law: Transactional Clinic [ Website ] 


St. Louis University School of Law:Entrepreneurship and Community Development Clinic [ Website ]

University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law:Entrepreneurial Legal Services Clinic [ Website ]

Washington University in St. Louis School of Law:Entrepreneurship & Intellectual Property (EIP) Clinic [ Website ]




Creighton University School of Law: Community Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]



New Hampshire

University of New Hampshire School of Law (formerly Franklin Pierce Law Center): Intellectual Property and Transaction Clinic [ Website ]

New Jersey

Rutgers Law School (Newark):Community Law Clinic [ Website ]

New Mexico

University of New Mexico School of Law:Business and Tax Clinic [ Website ]

New York

Brooklyn Law School:

  • Brooklyn Law Incubator & Policy Clinic [ Website ]
  • Community Development Clinic [ Website ]
  • Corporate and Real Estate Clinic [ Website ]

City University of New York School of Law:Community & Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]

Columbia Law School:Community Enterprise Clinic [ Website ]

Cornell University-The Johnson School & Law School: BR Advisory [ Website ]

Fordham University School of Law:

  • Samuelson-Glushko Intellectual Property and Information Law Clinic [ Website ]
  • Community Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]

Hofstra University Law School:Community & Economic Development Clinic [ Website ]

New York University School of Law:

  • Business Law Transactions Clinic [ Website ]
  • Community Development & Economic Justice Clinic [ Website ]  

Syracuse University College of Law: Community Development Law Clinic [ Website ]

Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center:

  • Institute for Business, Law & Technology Program  [ Website ]
  • Not-for-Profit Corporation Law Clinic [ Website ]

Yeshiva University Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law:

North Carolina

Charlotte School of Law:

  • Community Economic Development Clinic  [ Website ]
  • Entrepreneurship Clinic [ Website ]

Duke University Law School :Community Enterprise Clinic [ Website ]

Elon University School of Law: Small Business & Entrepreneurship Clinic [ Website ]

North Carolina Central University School of Law:The Small Business and Community Development Clinic  [ Website ]

University of North Carolina School of Law:

  • Community Development Law Clinic [ Website ]
  • Intellectual Property Law Clinic[ Website ]

Wake Forest University: Community Law and Business Clinic [ Website ]

North Dakota



Case Western Reserve University School of Law:

  • Community Development Clinic [ Website ]
  • Intellectual Property (IP) Venture Clinic [ Website ]

Cleveland State University Cleveland-Marshall College of Law: Transactional Law Clinic [ Website ]

Ohio Northern University-Claude W. Pettit College of Law: Corporate Transactional Clinic [ Website ]

Ohio State University-Moritz College of Law: Entrepreneurial Business Law Clinic   [ Website ]

University of Akron School of Law:

  • Small Entrepreneur and Economic Development (SEED) Legal Clinic [ Website ]
  • Trademark Clinic [Website]

University of Cincinnati College of Law:Entrepreneurship and Community Development Clinic [ Website ]




Lewis & Clark Law School: Small Business Legal Clinic [ Website ]

University of Oregon School of Law:Small Business Clinic [ Website ]

Willamette University College of Law: Business Law Clinic [ Website ]


University of Pennsylvania School of Law:

  • Detkin Intellectual Property Law and Technology Clinic  [ Website ]
  • Entrepreneurship Legal Clinic [ Website ]

University of Pittsburgh School of Law: Innovation Practice Institute  [ Website ]

Villanova University School of Law: Clinic for Law and Entrepreneurship  [ Website ]

Rhode Island


South Carolina

University of South Carolina School of Law: Nonprofit Organizations Clinic [ Website ]

South Dakota



University of Tennessee College of Law:

Vanderbilt University School of Law:Intellectual Property and the Arts Clinic [ Website ]


Southern Methodist University-Dedman School of Law:

  • Small Business and Trademark Clinic [ Website ]
  • Patent Law Clinic [ Website ]

University of Houston Law Center: Transactional Clinic [ Website ]

University of Texas at Austin School of Law:Entrepreneurship and Community Development Clinic [ Website ]


University of Utah-S.J. Quinney College of Law: The New Ventures Clinic [ Website ]




George Mason Law School:Legal Clinic-Practical Preparation of GMU Patent Applications [ Website ]

University of Richmond School of Law: Intellectual Property and Transactional Law Clinic [ Website ]

University of Virginia School of Law:


Gonzaga University School of Law: Business Law Clinic [ Website ]

Seattle University School of Law:

  • Arts Legal Clinic [ Website ]
  • Community Development and Entrepreneurship Clinic [ Website ]
  • Not for Profit Organization Clinic [ Website ]

University of Washington School of Law:

  • Entrepreneurial Law Clinic [ Website ]
  • Technology Law & Public Policy Clinic [ Website ]

West Virginia

West Virginia University College of Law: Entrepreneurship Law Clinic  [ Website ]


University of Wisconsin Law School: Law & Entrepreneurship Clinic [ Website ]

September Newsletter:NMR students are front page news!

NMR students are front page news!

You may have heard about our fair use app…we hear its kind of a thing now. This summer California Western School of Law did a featured front page story all about our app and our amazing student interns who helped us create it.  You can check it out over on the CWSL site here.

Are you a student at California Western School of Law passionate about helping artists, entrepreneurs and internet users with legal issues brought about by the digital age? This spring we will once again be offering an opportunity to be a part of our clinic class, check out our intern page for more details on how to apply. Applications open September 9th and close October 9th.

New guides on disastrous disclaimers and avoiding defamation in social media!
The law is always evolving and we try to make sure our guides evolve with the changes in the law. This summer Staff Attorney Teri Karobonik and NMR Intern Emory Roane updated our Disastrous Disclaimers in the Digital Era guide and our Citizen's Legal Guide To Using Creative Commons Licenses. Thanks to the hard work of former NMR Intern Nick Petruolo we also have
a brand new Best Practices Guide for Avoiding Defamation on Social Media. Be sure to check them out today and get your legal learning on!

Coalitions for a better tomorrow!
This summer New Media Rights joined several coalitions to:

You can read more about each of these issues on our policy page.

Upcoming events

  • Can Bitcoin Pay for IOT? Current NMR Intern Emory Roane will join a panel discussing the intersection of privacy and blockchain right here at CyberHive! The panel will take place September 17th at 5pm. Click here for more info and to RSVP, we hear there will also be free tacos!
  • TwitchCon 2015! Join Art, Teri and board member Jonathan McIntosh in San Francisco for our panel Can We Just Play? The Legality of Let's Play Video and Streams. The panel will take place September 25 at 1pm in the BibleThump Theater. For more info check out
  • San Diego Small Business Advisory Board Annual Community Outreach Meeting. October 16 at the Downtown Central Library Shiley Special Events Suite. More info TBA here.

Please remember New Media Rights is an independently funded nonprofit program and we rely on individual donors to support our work. Without donations from individuals like you, these services simply won't exist.  Become an NMR Supporter and ensure this
service exists for years to come!

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Best practices for avoiding defamation on social media

As the use of social media websites continues to grow, so to do the legal risk associated with them. While Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and the like are valuable resources for sharing your thoughts and opinions, it’s important to recognize the legal pitfalls that await uninformed social media users. Now more than ever, social media sites can serve as breeding grounds for rumors and falsehoods, some of which could have potentially serious consequences. Below is a brief explanation of some of the relevant law to be aware of, as well as a few tips to consider when communicating online or via social media. While some of the suggestions might seem basic, they can go a long way in avoiding unwanted legal trouble.

So what is Defamation Anyway?
To begin, it’s important to understand the point at which statements normally protected under free speech cross the threshold of defamation. Generally speaking, defamation occurs when: (1) someone makes a false statement that is harmful to another’s reputation; (2) the statement appears to convey a fact, not just an opinion; (3) it is published or communicated to a third person (online posting counts); (4) the person making the statement is at fault; and (5) the subject of the statement is harmed as a result.

Consider the following example: John, suspicious of his co-worker, Jane, but knowing he has no evidence of any wrongdoing goes on Twitter and tweets, “Jane Doe has embezzled thousands of dollars of company funds.” Several people read the statement, including Jane’s boss, who soon after decides to let Jane go. Now jobless, Jane spends months frantically trying to repair her reputation and find new work. Suppose that John was mistaken, and Jane had never actually embezzled money.

Jane would have a strong claim for defamation against John for the following reasons: 1) John made a false statement about Jane that hurt her reputation because she did not actually embezzle money, and the statement affected her boss’ opinion of her; 2) the statement appeared to convey a fact because there was no indication that John was voicing his opinion about Jane’s actions, or that he was joking; 3) the statement was published to a third party because it was posted online where several people read it, including Jane’s boss; 4) John was at fault because he used incorrect information knowing that it had no factual basis whatsoever; 5) Jane was harmed financially because she lost a important source of income, and possibly emotionally from any mental anguish caused by John’s false statement.

With just a little extra effort and care, this situation can easily be avoided. Below are some important points to remember and actions one can take to avoid liability on social media.

1.  Think carefully about what you’re writing.
Before you post or tweet, take a second to read it over. Then, consider how it might effect someone’s reputation. It might be useful to ask yourself, “How would an reasonable person interpret this?” If the message clearly targets the reputation of a particular person or group, it might be wise to revise it.

2.  Be specific.
It is important to avoid ambiguity where possible. The last thing you want is for an angry reader to accuse you of saying something that you never intended in the first place. For example, suppose you post the following statement: “The Big Bacon Burger at Bob’s Tavern = emergency room. It’s baaaadd!!” While it may seem innocuous, several meanings can be implied here. The statement could be a hyperbole, meant to emphasize just how filling and delicious the Big Bacon Burger is, but it could also mean that the “Big Bacon Burger” literally causes food poisoning and will result in a trip to the hospital. Interpreted this way, the post may be considered defamatory. Make every character count in order to avoid ambiguity.

3.  Don’t post anything when you’re angry or emotional.
Many of us say and do things we don’t mean, especially in the heat of the moment. If your feeling fired up, wait until you’ve cooled off and are thinking clearly before clicking “send.” A few extra minutes could go a long way in preventing backlash from disgruntled readers.

4.  If it looks like a fact… make sure it’s actually true before posting.
At the heart of every strong defamation claim is a factual statement that turns out to be false. With that in mind, it’s not enough to believe what you’re saying is true—the information should also come from a reliable source. For example, if you suspected that an online author used copyrighted content without permission in his latest article, you wouldn’t want to post a message saying that he “plagiarized his material” unless you had the facts to back it up. To help back your point up, you might also consider inserting a link to source material if it’s available.


5.  Make it clear when a statement is opinion or joke rather than fact.
In order to avoid having your opinion mistaken for fact, try prefacing statements with language that clearly tells the reader that your message is opinion-based. For instance, instead of calling the leader of a Wall Street investment corporation a “corrupt businessman” or a “thief,” begin the sentence with “I think,” or  “it seems.”  Ideally, you should still specify which facts provide the basis for your opinion, i.e., “I think that he’s a thief because he has made billions of dollars from the retirement funds of the public employees he claims to protect.”

If you post material that makes a joke about a person or business, consider whether the average reader would be able to tell you are joking; if they could mistake your joke for fact, it’s probably better not to post it. Also, keep in mind that on social media folks are likely to read your post quickly, so a joke that would otherwise be okay could still be problematic if a quick skim wouldn’t reveal it to be a joke.


6.  Avoid making criminal allegations or associating people with terrorist/hate groups.
If you accuse someone of a crime or associate them with an undesirable group such as a terrorist/hate group, you need to have strong evidence that they committed that crime or are associated with that group. It tends to be safer to talk about their conduct, rather than to label it. For instance, instead of saying “Bob Smith committed fraud,” highlight the facts that you know for sure, i.e., “Bob Smith was misleading when he assured customers they would get their money back.” Similarly, rather than identify a police officer as a “Nazi,” or “white nationalist,” explain instead that they “brutally injured an African American during a recent arrest.”

7. Be cautious when writing about private citizens.
Generally, the law is less forgiving when you write about private citizens than it is for public figures. But even for public figures, the law prohibits you from knowingly making a false statement, or recklessly disregarding the truth of the statement (i.e. the facts were available but you actively avoided looking at them before posting).


8.  Be careful when adding hashtags to the end of your tweets.
It’s possible that adding a hashtag to a tweet could alter the context of the original message enough to make it defamatory. For example, if you tweeted out “Actor Mike Jones was arrested on Tuesday for domestic violence,” the statement would be perfectly acceptable so long as the arrest actually took place. However, if you added the hashtag “#rapist”, the statement could now be considered false and possibly defamatory. Using something like hashtag “#Speakup,” could help call attention to the issue while minimizing liability on your end. Also it’s a very good idea to search a hashtag before adding it to the end of your post, just in case that hashtag has taken on a new and offensive meaning.

9.  Avoid modifying photos & videos in order to portray a person or business in a negative light.
It’s common to come across viral photos and videos that have been modified in order to make someone look bad. While some of these are funny and harmless, the same can’t be said for others. Generally speaking, the less obvious and absurd the changes are, the more likely they will be considered defamatory. For example, suppose you want to create an Internet meme by modifying an image of a popular athlete. If you altered the image to depict the athlete wearing a diaper and holding a rattle, it may be acceptable as a parody. In contrast, consider an image that depicts a popular athlete holding hands with his wife. If the image were distorted to make it appear that he was beating his wife, it could now be considered defamatory. If you’re looking to expose a person for unlawful or immoral activity, stick to original images and unaltered footage.

10.  Avoid posting re-used clips that are taken out of context.
For those of you who make films or shorts, you may be aware that it is often acceptable to re-use copyrighted works when your video brings new meaning to the borrowed clips under fair use. However, video clips that are fair use in the context of your video as a whole may no longer receive the same protection if posted out of that context or individually. For example, suppose that after proper analysis, you determined that it was fair use to include a short clip of a Rolling Stones performance in an hour-long documentary that comments on how their song helped to shape pop culture in the 60’s. Your use of this video clip would likely not be protected if you then decided to post that same clip online as a teaser for the rest of your film.

11. Chose appropriate thumbnails for you online videos.
Thumbnail photos can be helpful in peaking a viewer’s interest in a video that you have created. Because they are the first images people see before clicking “play,” thumbnail photos should not only be relevant to video content, but should also reflect their messages. For example, a photo of a celebrity who has admittedly undergone numerous plastic surgeries may be an appropriate thumbnail for a video that sheds light on cosmetic surgery addiction, whereas a photo of a random man in a park would not be an appropriate thumbnail for a video about child abduction.

12.  Be prepared to issue a correction or apology.
From an ethical standpoint, it looks a lot better if you can show that you acted responsibly after a mistake was made. Correcting posts and apologizing for mistakes can also go a long way in easing tempers. In these situations it’s also best to address matters as soon as they arise—not weeks or even months later.

While it might seem like a lot of information to remember at first, the main idea is rather simple: it’s best to take a careful and measured approach when expressing your thoughts and opinions on social media. By understanding the types of posts and tweets that are problematic, one can go a long way in avoiding unwanted legal trouble.

This guide will serve as a useful reference for those who have questions about how the content of their posts could affect the reputations of others. However, it’s worth noting that the above suggestions are not a substitute for legal advice, but simply best an assortment of best practices that can help one avoid liability.

Special thanks to NMR Intern Nick Petruolo for his hard work putting together this guide!


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Stephanie Trejos

Clinical Intern

Joined NMR in: 

August 2015

Stephanie studied International Relations at Florida International University where she was member of Amnesty International. Her sense of justice and love of law led her to work for Rubenstein Law in Miami, FL for two years before embarking on her own journey to become a lawyer.

Beginning her second year at California Western School of Law, Stephanie is the Vice-President of the International Law Society and student member to the Intellectual Property Law Association. Her love of technology, entertainment and social media has driven her to study intellectual property law. This past summer she interned for INAPI, the Chilean National Institute for Intellectual Property, where she was able to learn foreign intellectual property law and compare it to our own rules and regulations.

Outside her studies, Stephanie enjoys cooking, traveling and exploring her new home, San Diego.

New Media Rights and KEI tell the US Trade Representative not to adopt measures that could expand the “20th­ century digital black hole"

Today New Media Rights joined the Authors Alliance, Creative Commons, the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Knowledge Ecology International in calling for the US Trade Representative not to agree to measures in the Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement (TTP) that could greatly reduced our ability to make orphaned works more accessible to the public.

The current language proposed in the TTP would make it much harder for the US to to reduce the damages that could be awarded against certain good faith users of orphan works. With proposed copyright terms extending to life +100 years, this reduction is absolutely critical. As authors pass away and companies close, finding the owner of some copyrighted works has become an impossibility. By lowering damages and taking other measures to allow for the reuse of orphan works, we give Americans the tools they need to help works from falling into the “20th­ century digital black hole,” and being lost to us forever.

The complete letter can be found below.

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Diana Ekins

Clinical Intern

Joined NMR in: 

August 2015

Diana is a former entertainer, producer and advertiser, currently in her second year at California Western. She is the new Student Ambassador for the National Jurist and pursuing a career in entertainment law.

Diana began playing music and doing theatre as a kid. Born and raised in Reno, NV, she began playing saxophone in a professional setting at 15. She studied Journalism and Theatre at UNR, where she also studied abroad in Torino, Italy, joined Alpha Psi Omega, co-founded the UNR Broadcast Club, and worked in costume design and set construction for the Nevada Repertory Company. She graduated in 2007.

Upon graduation, some of her jobs include working as a TV producer; singing and playing saxophone in cover and original bands and recordings; acting and assisting production on a feature film; commercial acting and promotional modeling; and as an account executive for a high-end commercial photography studio. Diana also co-owned Guerilla Productions, which produced and promoted art and music festivals, fundraisers, rock concerts, fashion shows and helped bands book gigs and go on tour; she was also an amateur MMA fighter, studying the art of Krav Maga, jiu jitsu and boxing.

Cara Laursen

Clinical Intern

Joined NMR in: 

August 2015

Cara Laursen attended the University of Nevada, Las Vegas on an academic and Miss America scholarship majoring in Business Management and Entrepreneurship.  While attending UNLV, Cara served as a product spokesperson representing major corporations including Sony, LG and Sharp.  She also appeared in several Las Vegas theatrical productions.

While serving her community as Miss Las Vegas 2011, she raised funds for local and national charities, made public speaking appearances encouraging the youth to “Find a Passion—Make a Difference.”  Her philanthropic work also included six years with National Charity League volunteering throughout the Las Vegas Valley where she received many awards for her contributions.

Cara’s experience in the entertainment industry lead her to law school where she is pursuing a career focusing on entertainment and media law.   She is now in her second year at California Western School of Law.  Cara is a member of the Dean’s Academic Honor List 2015, recipient of Academic Excellence Awards, and was selected as an Academic Tutor for incoming  1L students.

Her favorite past times include training for and running marathons.

Leopoldo Gabriel Estrada

Clinical Intern

Joined NMR in: 

August 2015

Gabe studied history at the University of California, San Diego. His field of studies had an emphasis on war, revolution and social change, which inspired him to make a social impact through a legal career.  Now in his second year at California Western School of Law, Gabe is an active member of the Moot Court Honors Board and enjoys public debate.  He excelled in the study of property and developed a keen interest for intellectual property and internet law.

Outside of school, Gabe is married and has two wonderful children that he intends to make big Star Wars fans like himself.  Although often faced with their pushback, he loves taking them to comic and fan conventions to expose them to the world of geekdom.  He is a member of the R2-D2 Builders Club and has a fully operational life-size R2-D2 as well as a collection of movie props.  Additionally, Gabe is very active in the San Diego music and art scene.  He aspires to use his legal knowledge to help artists achieve and protect their dreams.